The tangram is the Chinese word meaning literally: “seven boards of skill”. It is a dissection puzzle consisting of seven flat shapes, called tans, which are put together to form shapes. The objective of the puzzle is to form a specific shape (given only an outline or silhouette) using all seven pieces, which may not overlap.
Tangram are fun for children of all ages. Complete the puzzle by moving and rotating the seven shapes. A fun way to work problem solving and visual spatial skills. The rules of play are that you must use all seven tans, they must lay flat, they must touch and none may overlap. At the easiest level, you can simply place the pieces onto the patterns; at the most difficult, only a silhouette of the object is shown and you have to recreate it using the Tangram. They can also be used in a more creative way to make your own designs.
Tangram comprising 7 pieces, 125 double-sided cards: on each one there is 1 “figure to be created” side (side with orange edging) and 1 “solution” side.
Aim of the game:
Create figures using the 7 shapes of the tangram.
How the game is played:
The child takes the tangram and tries to recreate the figure. He first looks at the “figure to be recreated” side, then once he thinks he has recreated it, he checks the solution at the back of the card. If he has not managed to create a figure, he looks at the correction and passes on to the next card.
Benefits of Tangram
There are many benefits to playing with Tangram. They can be used to develop problem-solving and logical thinking skills, perceptual reasoning (nonverbal thinking skills), visual-spatial awareness, creativity and many mathematical concepts such as congruency, symmetry, area, perimeter, and geometry. Most crucially, perhaps, is the change of perspective of maths being something boring to becoming a creative and fun activity, leading to a desire to tackle more advanced maths.